- 1 Overview
- 2 Education in Ukraine
- 3 Internet in Ukraine
- 4 Copyright law in Ukraine
- 5 OER Initiatives in Ukraine
- 6 References
Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, transliterated: Ukrayina) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. The population of Ukraine is just over 46,000,000. The city of Kiev (Kyiv) is both the capital and the largest city of Ukraine. Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities with special status: Kiev, its capital, and Sevastopol, which houses the Russian Black Sea Fleet under a leasing agreement. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine continues to maintain the second largest military in Europe, after that of Russia. Some 77% of the population are ethnic Ukrainians, with sizable minorities of Russians, Belarusians and Romanians. The Ukrainian language is the only official language in Ukraine, but Russian is also widely spoken, especially in eastern and southern Ukraine. According to the 2001 census, 67% of the population declared Ukrainian as their native language and 29% declared Russian. Most native Ukrainian speakers know Russian as a second language. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has heavily influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music. The World Bank classifies Ukraine as a middle-income state. Significant issues include underdeveloped infrastructure and transportation, corruption and bureaucracy. In 2007 the Ukrainian stock market recorded the second highest growth in the world of 130%. Growing sectors of the Ukrainian economy include the information technology (IT) market, which topped all other Central and Eastern European countries in 2007, growing some 40%.
For further general information see Wikipedia:Ukraine.
Education in Ukraine
For a general description of education in Ukraine see Education:Ukraine.
For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:Ukraine.