Transnistria

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Overview

Transnistria, also known as Trans-Dniester, Transdniestria, and Pridnestrovie is a disputed region in Eastern Europe. Since the declaration of independence by the de facto local regime in 1990, followed by the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed by the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR), which is recognised by few nations in the world and none in the EU. This claims the left bank of the river Dniester and the city of Bendery within the former Moldavian SSR. The modern Republic of Moldova does not recognize the secession and considers PMR-controlled territories to be a part of Moldova's sovereign territory - to reflect this standpoint we categorise Transnistria within Moldova also. There appears (at present) to be relatively free movement for "citizens" between Transnistria and (the rest of) Moldova, but with some bureauctraic complications especially for tourists (see the travel guide at http://wikitravel.org/en/Transnistria) The rest of this article is derived from the Wikipedia article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transnistria and subordinate and related articles including the Wikitravel article, and from various sites of the de facto Transnistria government - taking especial care to check. As analysts we have to deal with situations, not judge them. The population of Transnistria is somewhat over 500,000 - made up (says a recent survey) of 31% Moldovans, 30% Russians and 28% Ukrainians. The official languages are Moldovan (only official in written form in the Cyrillic alphabet), Russian, and Ukrainian. English and other mainstream western languages are little spoken. The issue of whether Moldovan (in its spoken form) is the same as Romanian is a matter of fierce dispute. Transnistria is located mostly in a strip between the Dniester River and Ukraine. After the dissolution of the USSR, Transnistria declared independence, leading to a war with Moldova that started in March 1992 and was concluded by the ceasefire of July 1992. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, PMR) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarized zone, comprising 20 localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory's political status remains unresolved: De jure part of Moldova, Transnistria is a de facto independent state. Transnistria is organised as a presidential republic, with its own government, parliament, military, police, postal system, and currency. Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, national anthem, and a coat of arms. Transnistria is sometimes compared with other post-Soviet frozen conflict zones such as Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia. The latter two - which are recognized only by a select group including Russia, Nicaragua, and each other - have recognised Transnistria as an independent state and plan to establish diplomatic relations (in return for Transnistria's recognition of them). At present it is unlikely that many other countries will join this small club. There are obvious parallels with some situations elsehere in Europe and Asia. Transnistria appears to function as a state and mostly has control of its borders, even though these are indefensible and cut through towns, villages and fields somewhat at random - it is not simply the case that the river Dniester is the border with (the rest of) Moldova as many outsiders think. There are newspapers, internet, television and most other components of modern life. The travel guide at http://wikitravel.org/en/Transnistria suggests that not all is as simple as the web sites (especially those run or supported by PMR) suggest. The demographics of Transnistria are complex with no clear majority - as are the demographics of Moldova overall - see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transnistriahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Moldova. Although Transnistria has internet, it does not have its own domain and will not (or cannot) use the Moldovan one - thus all web sites are either "international" like .com or use the Russian designator .ru

Further information

For further general information see Wikipedia:Transnistria.

Education in Transnistria

For a general description of education in Transnistria see Education:Transnistria.


e-learning

For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:Transnistria.


Quality procedures

Internet in Transnistria

Internet in Education

Copyright law in Transnistria

Copyright law in Education

OER Initiatives in Transnistria

National OER initiatives

Regional OER initiatives

Institutional OER initiatives

References

Reports


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