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Canada

1 byte added, 08:29, 8 August 2014
/* OER Initiatives in {{PAGENAME}} */
The concept and activities of openness are clearly evident in the many Canadian universities and community colleges developing programs and policies to broaden open access and designing, developing and building learning object repositories (e. g., Athabasca University, Memorial University, Concordia University, University of Calgary, etc.).
Of these, Athabasca University - sometimes referred to as Canada's "[http://wikieducator.org/Athabasca_University/Meet_Athabasca_U_-_Canada%27s_First_OER_university First OER University]" - was the first Canadian institution to adopt an [http://ous.athabascau.ca/policy/research/openaccess.htm open access policy] in 2006, revised in 2014, which recommends :...that faculty, academic and professional staff deposit an electronic copy of any published research articles (as elsewhere accepted for publication) in an AU repository.  In 2009, The University of Ottawa adopted "[http://scholarlycommunication.uottawa.ca/ a comprehensive open access program that supports free and unrestricted access to scholarly research]." Some of the initiatives in its open access program include a promise to make accessible for free, through an online repository, all its scholarly publications; an author fund designed to minimize open access fees charged by publishers; funding for the creation of digital educational materials accessible by all online, for free; and commitment to publish a collection of open access books and research funds to continue studies on open access.
Other universities are following suit. University of Toronto/OISE, for instance, adopted a [http://www.oise.utoronto.ca/research/UserFiles/File/OA_Policy.pdf formal policy] on open access in March 2012, referencing the [http://data.gc.ca/eng/content/open-data Open Data] pilot (Government of Canada initiative). Nonetheless, while the concepts of openness and open access appear to be gaining considerable ground, and in spite of the apparent endorsement by government, their growth - similar to that of OER - is threatened by lack of public funding.
While openness can be seen as a growing trend, specific or detailed Canadian OER initiatives, in many sectors, are difficult to isolate. Few Canadian institutions are visibly working on OER practices and/or policy development. Nevertheless, the western region of Canada does have real projects and initiatives in progress and is engaged assembling, developing and using OER (see Regions below).
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