/* Institutional OER policies */
* The [http://openaccess.mpg.de/Berlin-Declaration "Berlin Declarationon on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities"] of the Max Planck Gesellschaft declared that research results and cultural heritage shall be freely accessible and usable for scientists and the public. A lot of [http://openaccess.mpg.de/319790/Signatories other educational institutions and universities] joined this declaration.
* '''Further German Open Access Initiatives are:''' [http://www.dfg.de/dfg_magazin/forschungspolitik_standpunkte_perspektiven/open_access/ Open Access und Forschungsförderung durch die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft], [http://www.allianzinitiative.de/de/start/handlungsfelder/open_access/ Schwerpunktinitiative "Digitale Information" der Allianz der deutschen Wissenschaftsorganisationen], [http://oa.helmholtz.de/ Open Access in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft], [http://www.fraunhofer.de/content/dam/zv/de/publikationen/Fraunhofer_OpenAccessPolicy.pdf Open Access Policy der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft], [http://www.leibniz-gemeinschaft.de/infrastrukturen/open-access/ Open Access in der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft] and [http://www.dini.de/ag/e-pub/ Deutsche Initiative für Netzwerkinformation e. V. (DINI) - Arbeitsgruppe Elektronisches Publizieren].
* In the EU project OPAL, funded by the EU Commission un der The Long Life Learning Program, some European universities under the leadership of the University of Duisburg-Essen focused on the provision of innovative Open Educational Practices in higher and adult education for all subjects.
One institutional OER policy for the school sector is [http://schulbuch-o-mat.de/index.html "Schulbuch O-MAT"] (see also Institutional OER policies). The idea is to create collaborative free OER textbooks for schools for all subjects which are according to curriculum standards. The money for the textbooks is raised by crowd-funding. Teachers, experts from university and graphic designer work together to produce the textbooks. They are free of charge for everybody. Since they are according to the curriculum of the particular federal state, the textbooks themselves are regional projects. The initiatures of "Schulbuch O-Mat" were mainly from universities. So far two textbooks have been produced by "Schulbuch O-Mat": for biology and politics/economy.