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Germany

3,661 bytes removed, 08:57, 6 June 2014
/* National OER policies */
* The [http://werkstatt.bpb.de/themen/open-educational-resources/ Federal Centre for Political Education] in Bonn has declared to develop free OER material for certain historical topics fro schools. They are free for everybody.
A European project [http://www.olcos.org%20 "OLCOS" ] financed by the EU in which Germany participated built an online information and observation centre for promoting the concept, production, distribution, and usage of OER. One of the final products is a “Roadmap 2012” with suggestions and recommendations for a higher production, sharing, distribution and usage of OER in education.
They question whether a lack of digital content prevents learning, particularly in the case of people with low qualifications, and whether well-educated people will benefit the most from OER. Furthermore, they ask if there are any sustainable business models A reason for OER and suggest that there are questions of standards, quality, technical interoperability, and legal questions concerning copyright that have not yet been solved. The issue of copyright is widely discussed in Germany in reference to the ongoing Open Access debate. Germany was the only country who responded that the OER issue is not expected to become a policy priority in the near future. They also stated that they do not consider a lack of learning material in digital format (especially in English) to be one of the major problems in education; therefore, the potential benefit of OER in Germany is not highly rated. The initiatives in Germany about OER are mainly from institutions, non-profit teachers and staff from universities, there are not very many national OER initiatves. Some are funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, but most of the initiatives are led by non-profit organisations. Since there are hardly any national policies by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research in Germany, the initiatives arise from teachers itself or non-profit organisations who believe in free OER material for schools in Germany (see section "Institutional OER initiatives). Another reason for the lack of national OER initiatives is also the fact that Germany is a Federal Republic. Each of the 16 federal states have nearly full control of the education system including universities. Therefore the state cannot normally fund national projects for education in schools and universities in the states.Nevertheless, there are some national OER initiatives which have been or are still funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF):OECD’s Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) has worked on Open Educational Resources (OER) in the past, which led to the publication Giving Knowledge for Free – the Emergence of Open Educational Resources (2007). This working paper thus builds on exploratory and forward-looking research in CERI and invites countries to consider the policy implications of the expansion of OER, its benefits and associated challenges. A small OER expert group was established to discuss the subject, link it to other relevant developments in the field, and develop a draft questionnaire for member countries in order to collect information regarding the policy context related to OER. The expert group met in June 2011 and for a second time in September 2011. The questionnaire was sent to the 34 OECD member countries in August 2011. It outlined a short informative note about the benefits and challenges of OER. The responses to the questionnaire are analysed in this document.Hylén, J. et al. (2012), “Open Educational Resources:Analysis of Responses to the OECD CountryQuestionnaire”, OECD Education Working Papers, No. 76,OECD Publishing.http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k990rjhvtlv-enGermany has raised a number of fundamental objections to the idea of OER. They question whether alack of digital content prevents learning, particularly in the case of people with low qualifications, andwhether well-educated people will benefit the most from OER. Furthermore, they ask if there are anysustainable business models for OER and suggest that there are questions of standards, quality, technicalinteroperability, and legal questions concerning copyright that have not yet been solved. The issue ofcopyright is widely discussed in Germany in reference to the ongoing Open Access debate.Germany was the only country who responded that the OER issue is not expected to become a policypriority in the near future. They also stated that they do not consider a lack of learning material in digitalformat (especially in English) to be one of the major problems in education; therefore, the potential benefitof OER in Germany is not highly ratedpolicies now as described before.
=== Regional OER policies (in the Länder) ===
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