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3,800 bytes added, 09:26, 28 May 2014
/* BCcampus */
BCcampus has been the leader in Canada in promoting OER and were instrumental in forging BC leadership on OER at the CMEC. The also played a major role in the BC Ministry of Advanced Education, Innovation and Technology’s decision to support the [http://bccampus.ca/open-textbook-project/ Open Textbook Project], which they are implementing. BCcampus hosted a [http://open.bccampus.ca/2012/09/23/open-educational-resources-oer-forum-in-vancouver-october-18th/ working forum on OER] for senior post-secondary institution representatives in Vancouver in October, 2012 with the objective of developing a common understanding of what OER could mean for BC and building a shared vision of how to develop and use them. The session also studied ways BC can take advantage of the promise of OER and specifically, open textbooks. This led to the announcement by the MAE that they will collaborate with post-secondary institutions in implementing open textbooks. As mentioned above (see BC government) the Project started with 40 open textbooks at the postsecondary level and now is committed to 60.
 
A founding member of the OERu consortium, BCcampus is a leading proponent of OER. It has been operating a provincially limited "open" course programme since 2003. Supported by annual Ministry funding for a cumulative total to 2014 of more than $10 million through the [http://poerup.referata.com/w/index.php?title=Online_Programme_Development_Fund&action=edit&redlink=1 Online Programme Development Fund] (OPDF). This follows from previous Canadian [http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/160 course development programmes] initiated by Contact North/Contact Nord and TeleEducation NB in the 1990s.
 
The OPDF provided developers with the option to license their work under the global terms of a Creative Commons licence or, in what might be seen as a strategic move to promote OER, to use a [http://poerup.referata.com/w/index.php?title=BCcampus_licence&action=edit&redlink=1 BCcampus licence], which restricts sharing to a local environment (the BC public post-secondary system) and audience (post-secondary faculty and staff only). This, according to Stacey (2006), "provided developers with an opportunity to experience sustainable development benefits through sharing on a local level, amongst peers, before considering the larger global context." More than 90% of the OPDF developers have taken this BC-only route. Proponents contend that this provincially-confined openness step has reduced fears that the sharing and reuse of one's material comes with a loss of control over authorship, while promoting critical knowledge of how open licences work in relation to copyright in a sheltered BC environment. However, as these fears recede, there will be more use of national and international Creative Commons type licences. On the other hand, the BCcampus licence could be seen by others as an unnecessary concession to recalcitrant faculty.
 
The BC OPDF achievements include the creation of more than 350 courses and nearly 400 course components leading to 47 credentials, although less than 10% of these are openly licensed, most being under the BC Commons licence and restricted for use only by BC post-secondary institutions. Interestingly, Athabasca University, although situated outside the province in Alberta, has been recognized officially as a BC documented university, and so also has access to these BCcampus licensed materials.
 
As projects complete their development cycle, they are licensed for sharing and uploaded to the BCcampus [http://solr.bccampus.ca/wp/ Shareable Online Learning Resources repository (SOL*R)], which enables the licensing, contribution, and access to free online teaching and learning resources. SOL*R adheres to the principles of sharing, discovery, reuse and remixing of learning objects (from individual activities to full courses) from a variety of disciplines and subject areas. SOL*R also has a search engine that enables one to search for resources by field of study, subject area, contributing institution and other attributes.
 
Specifically in support of OER, other BCcampus initiatives are underway. This includes the major [http://bccampus.ca/open-textbook-project/ Open Textbook Project] announced by the BC Ministry of Advanced Education, Innovation and Technology. Another initiative is the implementation of an OER initiative around apprenticeships for the trades in [http://www.bccampus.ca/files/2013/08/TRADES-TRAINING-GOES-ONLINE-First-E-PPRENTICE-Programs-Announced.pdf partnership with BC's Industry Training Authority]. BCcampus is also [http://bccampus.ca/tag/rwsl/ working with the North American Network of Science Labs Online (NANSLO)], building on the success of the [http://bccampus.ca/tag/rwsl/ Remote Web-based Science Laboratory] (RWSL) and open educational science courseware previously developed by BCcampus.
=== Canadian Open Access Policies ===
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