/* Further and Higher education */
Nearly all post-secondary institutions in Canada have the authority to grant academic credentials (i.e., diplomas or degrees). Generally speaking, universities grant degrees (e.g., bachelor's, master's or doctorate degrees) while colleges, which typically offer vocationally-oriented programmes, grant diplomas and certificates. However, some colleges offer applied arts degrees that lead to or are equivalent to degrees from a university.
Post-secondary education in Quebec begins with CEGEP
(collèges d'enseignement général et professionnel), following graduation from Grade 11 (or Secondary V). Students complete a two- or three-year general program leading to admission to a university, or a professional program leading directly into the labour force. In most cases, bachelor's degree programmes in Quebec are three years instead of the usual four; however, in many cases, students attending a university in Quebec that did not graduate from CEGEP must complete an additional year of coursework. When Ontario had five years of high school, a three-year bachelor's degree was common, but these degrees are being phased out in favour of the four-year degree.
The main variation between the provinces, with respect to universities, is the amount of funding they receive. Universities in Quebec receive the most funding and have the lowest tuitions. Universities in Atlantic Canada generally receive the least funding and some, like Acadia University, are almost wholly reliant on private funding.
(sourced from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_universities_in_Canada)
somewhat over 70 universities including the large multi-campus Université du Québec which includes [[Université du Québec à Montréal]] ([[UQAM]]) , the host of the [[Télé-université]] ([[Téluq]]) There is an elite group, the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_of_Thirteen_(Canadian_universities) Group of 13], comprising the most prestigious and research-active universities, but e-learning competence is found across the span of universities in Canada.
A selection of those better known beyond Canada including for e-learning (research and/or implementation) would be something like the following:
* [[Athabasca University]]* [
http://www.umontreal.ca University of Montreal] (Montréal, Québec) * Capilano University ( North Vancouver) * [[Royal Roads University]] (Victoria) * [[Simon Fraser University]] (Burnaby, Vancouver, Surrey, British Columbia) * [[Thompson Rivers University]] (Kamloops) * [[University of British Columbia]] (University Endowment Lands, Okanagan) * [[University of New Brunswick]] (Fredericton & Saint John) * McMaster University (Hamilton) * Ryerson University (Toronto) * University of Guelph (Guelph) * University of Toronto (Toronto (Downtown, Scarborough), Mississauga) * University of Waterloo (Waterloo) * University of Western Ontario (London) * University of Windsor (Windsor)
* York University (Toronto)
* McGill University (
Montreal) * Concordia University ( Montreal) * [[Université du Québec à Montréal ]], UQAM (Montreal) including [[Télé-université]], Téluq * University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon)* [[Cape Breton University]] (CBU)
This term is seldom used in Canada (for example, École polytechnique de Montréal, which trains almost 5000 engineers. This term is also used to describe some colleges.
The purpose of CEGEPs is to make post-secondary education more accessible in Quebec, as well as to provide proper academic preparation for university. There are both public and private subsidized CEGEPs with the public CEGEPs having little or no tuition fee. The CEGEP system was started in 1967 by the Quebec provincial government and originally had 12 CEGEPs. Today there are 48 CEGEPs in Quebec, of which 5 are English language CEGEPs. There are also 50 private colleges, including 6 English language colleges. While CEGEP refers technically to only public colleges, in common usage the term is sometimes applied also to private colleges offering some of the same programmes.
== Education reform ==