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Nigeria

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''by [[Policies SurveyPaul Bacsich]] notes:and [[Nikki Cortoos]] for [[Re.ViCa]]''
''For entities in Nigeria see [[:Category: In Nigeria, the National Teachers’ Institute presented a memorandum entitled Promoting the Use of OER for Quality HE Delivery in 2011, and it was expected that this will be ratified in 2012.]]''
: The respondent to [[Policies Survey]] from Nigeria, commenting upon obstacles to the adoption of OER, noted "Lack of awareness of OER, digital illiteracy, lack of OER skills (for production and use) and poor ICT infrastructure."
== Overview Partners situated in Nigeria ==
<!-- copy material from VISCED/ReNo partners are situated in Nigeria.ViCa wiki Use the style [[Has population::7,600,000]] and [[Has capital::Sofia]] for population and capital. -->
''Nigeria'', officially named the '''Federal Republic of Nigeria''', is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and one Federal Capital Territory. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with [[Benin]] in the west, [[Chad]] and [[Cameroon]] in the east, and [[Niger]] in the north. Its coast lies on the [[Gulf of Guinea]], part of the [[Atlantic Ocean]], in the south. The capital city is [[Has capital::Abuja]] and its largest city is Lagos.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country in the world with a population of around [[Has population::148,000,000]]. Its official language is English, with Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Edo as recognised regional languages.
=== Further information =Nigeria in a nutshell ==
''For further general information see Nigeria'', officially named the '''Federal Republic of Nigeria''', is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and one [[Wikipediahttp:{{PAGENAME}}//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Capital_Territory,_Nigeria Federal Capital Territory]. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of [[Benin]] in the west, [[Chad]] and [[Cameroon]] in the east, and [[Niger]] in the north. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south. The capital city is Abuja and its largest city is Lagos.''
== Education [[Image:Nigeria.gif|right|thumb|250px|Source : http://www.cia.gov]]The people of Nigeria have an extensive history, and archaeological evidence shows that human habitation of the area dates back to at least 9000 BC. The Benue-Cross River area is thought to be the original homeland of the Bantu migrants who spread across most of central and southern Africa in {{PAGENAME}} ==waves between the 1st millennium BC and the 2nd millennium AD.
''For Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country in the world with a general description population of education in {{PAGENAME}} see [[Education:{{PAGENAME}}]]around 148 million.''
<!-- copy material from VISCEDIt is a regional power, it is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies, and is a member of the [Commonwealth of Nations]. The economy of Nigeria is one of the fastest growing in the world with the [http:/Re/en.ViCa wikipedia.org/wiki -->/International_Monetary_Fund International Monetary Fund] projecting a growth of 9% in 2008 and 8.3% in 2009.
=== e-learning ===Nigeria has got a total area is 923,768 km² with a population of 148,000,000 (2007 estimate) which gives a density of 145/km². Its official language is English with Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Edo as recognised regional languages.
''For a description more focussed to e-learning see [[E-learning:{{PAGENAME}}]].''
<!-- copy material from VISCED'''Source''': [http:/Re/en.ViCa wikipedia.org/wiki -->/Nigeria Wikipedia's page on Nigeria]
=== Quality procedures =Nigeria education policy =='''Related web site''': [http://www.fmegovng.org/ Federal Ministry of Education in Nigeria]
<!The Constitution of 1999 stipulates in Chapter II -- there may be material on the VISCED/Re.ViCa wiki -->Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy:
== Internet in {{PAGENAME}} ==: ''18. (1) Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels. '':: '' (2) Government shall promote science and technology '':: '' (3) Government shall strive to eradicate illiteracy; and to this end Government shall as and when practicable provide ''::: '' (a) free, compulsory and universal primary education; ''::: '' (b) free secondary education; ''::: '' (c) free university education; and ''::: '' (d) free adult literacy programme. '': ''60. The establishment and regulation of authorities for the Federation or any part thereof -
: ….
=== Internet in Education ===:: (e) To prescribe minimum standards of education at all levels.
== Copyright law in {{PAGENAME}} ==
<!'''Source''': [http://www.nigeria-- likely to require new material -->law.org/ConstitutionOfTheFederalRepublicOfNigeria.htm Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999)]
=== Copyright law in Education ===
== OER Initiatives in {{PAGENAME}} Nigeria education system ==
<!-- some initiatives in the VISCED'''Related web pages''': [http:/Re/www.ViCa wiki may be OER initiatives -->onlinenigeria.com/education/index.asp Education in Nigeria]
=== National OER initiatives ===
=== Regional OER initiatives =Higher education ==
=== Institutional OER initiatives ===
The National Teachers' Institute, ''Related web page''': [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/inhea/profiles/Nigeria.htm Country Higher Education Profile – Nigeria], is part of by the [[TESSAhttp://www.bc.edu/ Boston College]] network, [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/index.htm Center for International Higher Education (CIHE)]
A national review of the Nigerian Certificate in Education, the predominant pre-service teaching qualification, identified the need for the new curriculum to focus on active teaching skills and their development in the classroom. The National Commission for Colleges of Education, in collaboration with [[TESSA]], is incorporating TESSA activities and case studies into the new curriculum to respond to these needs. Individual Colleges of Education, delivering this programme on-campus, will have access to the full set of TESSA materials in addition to TESSA activities and case studies set out in the national curriculum. (1)
The delivery of [[TESSA]] audio materials through an institutional radio station === Universities in Nigeria was being explored in 2008. (1) Success unknown.==={| class="wikitable"|-| # University of Ibadan, Ibadan# University of Science & Technology, Port-Harcourt# Babcock University, Ilishan Remo# University of Nigeria, Nsukka# Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma# Madonna University, Okija# Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife# Abia State University, Uturu# Igbinedion University, Okada# Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria# Enugu State University of Science & Tech, Enugu# Bowen University, Iwo# University of Lagos, Lagos# Olabisi Anabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye# Covenant University, Ota# University of Benin, Benin City# Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos# Pan-African University, Lagos# Bayero University, Kano# University of Ado-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti# Benson Idahosa University, Benin City# University of Calabar, Calabar# Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso# ABTI-American University, Yola # University of Ilorin, Ilorin# Imo State University, Owerri# Redeemers University# University of Jos, Jos# Benue State University, Makurdi | # Ajayi Crowther University, Ibadan # University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri# Delta State University, AbrakaAl-Hikmah University, Ilorin# Usman Danfodio University, Sokoto# Adekunle Ajasin University,Akungba-Akoko# Caritas University, Amorji-Nke, Enugu# University of Port-Harcourt, Port-Harcourt# Kogi State University, Anyigba# CETEP City University, Lagos# Federal University of Technology, Owerri# Niger-Delta University, Yenagoa# Bingham University, Jos# Federal University of Technology, Akure# Anambra State University of Science & Technology# Katsina University, Katsina# Federal University of Technology, Yola# Technology Kano State University of Technology, Wudil# Renaissance University, Enugu# Federal University of Technology, Minna# Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki# Bells University of Technology, Badagary# Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna# Nasarawa State University, Keffi# University of Ibadan, Oyo State# University of Abuja# Adamawa State University, Mubi# Crawford University, Igbesa, Ogun State# Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi# Gombe State University, Gombe
== References ==| # Wukari Jubilee University# University of Agriculture, Makurdi# Kaduna State University, Kaduna# Crescent University, Abeokuta# University of Agriculutre, Abeokuta# Cross River University of Science & Tech.# Novena University,Ogume, Delta State# Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka# Plateau State University, Bokkos# University of Mkar# University of Uyo, Uyo# Akwa Ibom State University of Technology# Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji- rakeji Osun State# Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike# Ibrahim Babangida University, Lapai Niger State# Caleb University, Lagos# National Open University, Abuja# Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun# Fountain University, Oshogbo# Fed. Univ. of Petroleum Resources, Effurun# Katsina State University# Obong University, Obong Ntak# Bukar Abba Ibrahim University, Damaturu Yobe# Salem University, Lokoja# Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero# Tansian University, Umunya# Osun State University, Osogbo# Veritas University, Abuja# Wesley Univ. of Science & Tech., Ondo|-|}
1. "Building an Effective ‘Open Education Resource’ (OER) Environment for Teacher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: The TESSA Experience" by Jophus Anamuah-Mensah, 2008 (http://www.oerafrica.org/ResourceResults/tabid/1562/mctl/Details/id/36709/Default.aspx)
=== Reports ===
<!===Polytechnics in Nigeria === No information available so far.  '''Sources''': * [http://www.chea.org/pdf/2008_SW_Julius_Okojie_paper.pdf “Licensing, ccreditation And Quality Assurance In Nigerian Universities: Achievements And Challenges”], a paper presented at a session of the 2008 CHEA Summer Workshop (PDF – 29 pages). By Professor Julius A. Okojie, Executive Secretary for the National Universities Commission, Abuja, Nigeria.* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nigerian_universities Wikipedia’s List of universities in Nigeria]'''Related web site''': [http://www.Nigeria.gov.gh/schools_and_universities Schools and Universities]  == Higher education reform ==  == Administration and finance == The Nigeria Higher Education Foundation aims to develop and articulate the case for support of Nigerian universities through increased public awareness and to harness financial support for targeted institutions by ensuring wise use of resources through well planned stewardship mechanisms and accountability systems. '''Source''': [http://www.thenhef.org/aboutus.html Nigeria Higher Education Foundation “About Us”]   == Quality assurance == '''Related documents''': * [http://www.chea.org/pdf/2008_SW_Julius_Okojie_paper.pdf “Licensing, Accreditation And Quality Assurance In Nigerian Universities: Achievements And Challenges”], a paper presented at a session of the 2008 CHEA Summer Workshop (PDF – 29 pages). By Professor Julius A. Okojie, Executive Secretary for the National Universities Commission, Abuja, Nigeria.* [http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a746587656~db=all~order=page “Major Features of Accreditation in Nigeria”] by Uduak O. Udom, National Universities Commission, Abuja, Nigeria  == Nigeria's HEIs in the information society ==   '''Related document''': [http://www.cet.uct.ac.za/projects#PHEA Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA)] -Educational Technology Initiative: [http://www.cet.uct.ac.za/files/file/nigeria.pdf report on Nigeria] (PDF - 16 pages)  === Towards the information society ===  === Information society strategy === == Virtual initiatives in something approaching authorHE== The [[National Open University of Nigeria]] ([[NOUN]]), based in Abuja, is an ODL University as its name suggests. (For more see http:/date referencing/www.nou.edu.ng/noun/index.htm.) Its features are:* Study Centres** The reading and studying of the printed course materials can of course take place in the home, APA style in an environment convenient to the student or at some designated places called Study Centres. These are places located across the geopolitical zones of the country. * Program Delivery** The basic course delivery method is that of the printed material. In addition, Audio, Video, and CD-ROMS are used as complementary media. Specially scheduled radio and television programmes play major roles in the course delivery method.** Face-to-Face course contacts are also undertaken at the University's various study centres around the country. This is to ensure participants' comprehension of the courses offered by the School.** The multimedia approach is the method of delivery of all courses. This multimedia approach comprises print materials which the student will read and study on his/her own, audio-visual programmes, CD-ROM, video cassette tapes or audio tapes, assignment, counseling sessions and in some courses, practical work.** In a nutshell, each course in the School's academic programmes may include a combination of the following learning modes:*** Self-instructional printed course materials packages*** Assignments for assessment and feedback*** Audio-video programmes*** Face-to-face interaction with academic counselors at the various University Study Centres*** Tele-counselling and interaction*** Project work*** Telecast of Video programmes*** Broadcast of Audio programmes*** Interactive satellite aided communication network (Teleconferencing)  * General Entry Requirements  * Programme Duration & Credit Hours** The First-degree programmes have been designed to take an average student a maximum of 4 years to complete. To obtain any of the above degrees, a student must earn at least 120 credits. Students are required to register for a minimum of 15 credit hours per semester and a maximum of 24 credit hours per semester. An academic year is made up of two semesters.** The Masters-degree programmes are designed for a maximum duration of two years.** The students are required to obtain at least 70 credit hours to graduate.** Students are required to register for a minimum of 18 credit hours per semester and a maximum of 24 credit hours per semester.** For the Commonwealth Executive MBA/MPA programmes, each credit hour is defined on the basis of 20 hours of study load which comprises all learning activities such as working through student materials, preparing assignments, tutored activities, and preparing for examinations, etc. All courses in the programmes carry a credit weighting of 6 (120 study hours).** Students of the Commonwealth programmes are required to obtain at least 90 credit hours made up of 15 courses (8 core + 2 specialized + 3 electives + 2 required courses).** The programmes share the following core courses:*** Managing Information Systems*** Management in Organizations*** Managing Human Resources*** Operations Management*** Economic Environment of Business*** Public Systems Management*** Quantitative Techniques*** Marketing Management*** Accounting and Finance    '''Source''': The [http://www.nou.edu.ng/noun/index.htm National Open University (NOUN)] == References == # [http://www.nigeria.gov.ng/ Nigeria’s government official web site]# [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigeria Wikipedia's page on Nigeria]# [http://www.fmegovng.org/ Federal Ministry of Education in Nigeria]# [http://www.nigeria->law.org/ConstitutionOfTheFederalRepublicOfNigeria.htm Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999)]# [http://www.onlinenigeria.com/education/index.asp Education in Nigeria]# [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/inhea/profiles/Nigeria.htm Country Higher Education Profile – Nigeria], by the [http://www.bc.edu/ Boston College], [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/index.htm Center for International Higher Education (CIHE)]# [http://www.chea.org/pdf/2008_SW_Julius_Okojie_paper.pdf “Licensing, ccreditation And Quality Assurance In Nigerian Universities: Achievements And Challenges”], a paper presented at a session of the 2008 CHEA Summer Workshop (PDF – 29 pages). By Professor Julius A. Okojie, Executive Secretary for the National Universities Commission, Abuja, Nigeria.# [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nigerian_universities Wikipedia’s List of universities in Nigeria]# [http://www.Nigeria.gov.gh/schools_and_universities Schools and Universities]# [http://www.thenhef.org/aboutus.html Nigeria Higher Education Foundation “About Us”]# [http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a746587656~db=all~order=page “Major Features of Accreditation in Nigeria”] by Uduak O. Udom, National Universities Commission, Abuja, Nigeria# [http://www.cet.uct.ac.za/projects#PHEA Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA)] - Educational Technology Initiative: [http://www.cet.uct.ac.za/files/file/Nigeria.pdf report on Nigeria] (PDF - 16 pages)# [http://www.nigeria.gov.ng/NR/exeres/C59CC3CD-056C-47C3-8925-2AF75052BF9D.htm Educational page on Nigeria’s government official web site]# [http://www.fmegovng.org/ Federal Ministry of Education in Nigeria]# [http://www.nigeria-law.org/ConstitutionOfTheFederalRepublicOfNigeria.htm Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999)]# [http://www.cnhe.org/ Council for Nigerian Higher Education (CNHE)# [http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde25/pdf/article_6.pdf National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN): A Historical Perspective and Challenges] by Terhemba Nom AMBE-UVA, published in ''Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education'', Volume: 8 Number: 1 Article: 6, January 2007. # [http://www.tojet.net/articles/747.htm E-learning and Distance Education in Nigeria], Timothy Olugbenga AJADI, Ibrahim, Olatunde SALAWU, & Femi, Adetunji ADEOYE, School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria, published in The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Article 7, October 2008. 
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