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Zambia

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''by [[Policies SurveyPaul Bacsich]] notes:for [[Re.ViCa]]''
: ''Zambia'' is participating For entities in the Zambia see [[OER4OS:Category:Zambia]] project. This experience has allowed the country to develop most of its school-level materials in an electronic format and make them available as OER. Zambia identifies this initiative as responding to the challenge of supplying material to schools and other educational institutions.''
: The respondent to [[Policies Survey]] from Zambia noted in relation to Zambia's motivations for involvement in the OER movement that "We have a big challenge in the supply of material to our learning institutions and therefore open educational resources would be an answer."
== Overview Partners situated in Zambia ==
<!-- copy material from VISCED/ReNone.ViCa wiki Use the style [[Has population::7,600,000]] and [[Has capital::Sofia]] for population and capital. -->
=== Further information ===
The '''Republic of == Zambia''' is in a landlocked country in Sub-Saharan Africa. The neighbouring countries are the '''Democratic Republic of the Congo''' to the north, [[Tanzania]] to the north-east, [[Malawi]] to the east, [[Mozambique]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[Botswana]], and [[Namibia]] to the south, and [[Angola]] to the west.nutshell ==The population of Zambia is nearly [[Has populationSourced from http::12,000,000]]//en. The capital city is [[Has capital::Lusaka]], located in the southeast of the country. The population is concentrated mainly around the capital and the Copperbelt to the northwestwikipedia. org/wiki/Zambia is divided into nine provinces, each administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province is subdivided into several districts with a grand total of 73 districts.)
''For further general information see [[WikipediaImage:{{PAGENAME}}Zambia.gif|right|thumb|250px|Source : http://www.cia.gov]].The Republic of ''Zambia'' is a landlocked country in [[Sub-Saharan Africa]]. The neighbouring countries are the [[Democratic Republic of the Congo]] to the north, [[Tanzania]] to the north-east, [[Malawi]] to the east, [[Mozambique]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[Botswana]], and [[Namibia]] to the south, and [[Angola]] to the west.
== Education in {{PAGENAME}} ==The population of Zambia is nearly 12 million.
''For a general description of education The capital city is Lusaka, located in {{PAGENAME}} see [[Education:{{PAGENAME}}]]the southeast of the country. The population is concentrated mainly around the capital and the Copperbelt to the northwest.''
<!-- copy material from VISCED/ReZambia is divided into nine provinces, each administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province is subdivided into several districts with a grand total of 73 districts.ViCa wiki -->
=== e-learning =Zambia education policy ==
''For a description more focussed to e-learning see [[E-learning:{{PAGENAME}}]].''
<!-- copy material == Zambia education system ==(sourced from VISCEDhttp:/Re/en.ViCa wikipedia.org/wiki -->/Zambia)
=== Quality procedures ===Education in Zambia is provided at two levels:
<!-- there may be material on the VISCED/Re.ViCa wiki --># basic education (years 1 to 9)# upper secondary (years 10 to 12)
== Internet Some schools provide a "basic" education covering years 1 to 9, as year 9 is considered to be a decent level of education for the majority of children. However, tuition is only free up to year 7, and UNESCO estimated that 80% of children of primary school age in {{PAGENAME}} ==2002 were enrolled. Most children drop out after year 7 when fees must be paid.
Both government and private schools exist in Zambia. The private school system began largely as a result of Christian mission efforts during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Amongst famous private schools are the International School of Lusaka, Rhodes Park School (Unofficially ranked as the best private school in Zambia), the Roman Catholic run St Mary's Seminary located in the Msupadzi area, south of Chipata, Eastern Province and Simba International School close to Ndola, Copperbelt Province. Private schools operate primarily under the British way of schooling, but also offer curricula approved by the Examinations Council of Zambia (ECZ). An example of a school that has offered a dual programme in in both the ECZ and Cambridge curriculum is Mpelembe Secondary School.
=== Internet Educational opportunities beyond secondary school are limited in Education ===Zambia. After secondary school, most students study at the various colleges, around the country.
== Copyright law in {{PAGENAME}} ==
<!-- likely to require new material -->== Higher education ==
=== Copyright law Universities in Education Zambia ===
== OER Initiatives in {{PAGENAME}} ==There are three main universities:
<!# [[University of Zambia]] (UNZA) -with a student population of about 6,000# Mulungushi University (MU), - some initiatives in no URL known - formerly the VISCEDNational College of Management and Development Studies # Copperbelt University (CBU) - http:/Re/www.ViCa wiki may be OER initiatives cbu.edu.zm -->this opened in the late 1980s, taking over most of the former Zambia Institute of Technology site in Kitwe
=== National OER initiatives ===Normally they all select students on the basis of ability; competition for places is intense.
=== Regional OER initiatives ===The introduction of fees in the late 1990s has made university level education inaccessible for some, although the government does provide state bursaries.
=== Institutional OER initiatives ===The page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_universities_in_Zambia lists other universities:
The University of Zambia is part of the # [[TESSAZambian Open University]] network# Cavendish University - http://cavendishza.org # Zambia Adventist University - http://www.tagnet.org/zau/index.htm - despite not having its own URL, it has graduated students (see e.g. http://www.times.co.zm/news/viewnews.cgi?category=7&id=1189252646)# Northrise University - http://www.northriseuniversity.com - founded 2004, the first nationally recognized private university in Zambia
== References ==
=== Polytechnics in Zambia ===
=== Reports === Other centres of education include:
<!# Public Administration College (NIPA)# Northern Technical College (NORTEC) # National Resources Development College (NRDC)# Evelyn Hone College of Applied Arts and Commerce -http://www.evelynhone.edu.zm/ - in something approaching authorand note the e-learning site at http:/date referencing/elearning.evelynhone.edu.zm/ There are also several teacher training colleges offering two-year training programmes, APA style whilst missionary hospitals around the country offer internationally acceptable training for nurses.  Several Christian schools offer seminary-level training. == Higher education reform == === The Bologna Process === == Administration and finance ==  == Quality assurance ==  == Zambia's HEIs in the information society == === Towards the information society === === Information society strategy ===  == Virtual Campuses in HE == === Interesting Virtual Campus Initiatives ===   === Interesting Programmes ===  The [[University of Zambia]] has activity. [[The Global Open University of Zambia]] has been regarded by some as suspect - see its entry. Some of the other universities and colleges are in the early stages of e-learning development but are clearly showing activity.  === Re.ViCa Case-study === None. == Lessons learnt ==  == References == * COL IN THE COMMONWEALTH 2006 – 2009 -http://www.col.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/COLCountryReports06->09_web.pdf - see the chapter on Zambia* FIRST eLEARNING ZAMBIA NATIONAL CONFERENCE - THEME: eLearning in National Development, March 2007, Lusaka, Zambia - http://www.assitej-international.org/media/1802/minuteslusaka.pdf* THE DEVELOPMENT AND STATE OF THE ART OF ADULT LEARNING AND EDUCATION (ALE) National report 0f ZAMBIA by MINISTRY OF EDUCATION 2008 - http://www.unesco.org/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/INSTITUTES/UIL/confintea/pdf/National_Reports/Africa/Africa/Zambia.pdf
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