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12 bytes added, 06:57, 27 September 2012
/* Education in {{PAGENAME}} */
Adapted from Source:
Education population and language of instruction
In December 2010, the number of young people under 29 years of age was 14 317 080 and
accounted for 37.5% of the population. The language of instruction is Polish.
Administrative control and extent of public-sector funded education
The advisory body for the higher education policy in Poland is General Council of Higher Education
(Rada Główna Szkolnictwa Wyższego).
Pre-primary education
Both private and public schools can be fee-paying, however in the latter case the conditions specified in the legislation apply. Local authorities are responsible for the provision of free of charge classes in public schools in the framework of core curriculum (up to 5 hours a day). Any classes exceeding the 5-hour daily limit and all extracurricular activities are paid for by the parents. Local authorities can organise support to financially disadvantaged families with young children in various forms, e.g.: full or partial kindergarten fee waivers, or financial and material support. In 2009/10 there were 17 444 pre-school institutions (both kindergartens and pre-school classes attached to primary schools), attended by approximately 983 600 children. The overall participation rate was 67.3 % for children aged 3-6 (in cities: 81.5 %, in the countryside 48.2 %)
Compulsory education
All external tests and examinations are organised by agencies – 8 Regional Examination Boards supported and supervised by the Central Examination Board.
 Post-compulsory education/upper secondary and postsecondarylevel 
(i) Types of education
Compulsory part-time education in the school or out-of-school forms lasts from 16 until 18 years of
All tests and examinations are organised by agencies – 8 Regional Examination Boards supported and supervised by the Central Examination Board.
Higher education
(i) Types of institution
The following types of state higher education institutions can be found: uniwersytet (university), uniwersytet techniczny (technical university), uniwersytet uzupełniony innym przymiotnikiem (university with another adjective), politechnika (polytechnic), academia (academy). All the following types of HEIs may have the status of university or non-university institutions depending on whether at least one of their organisational units has the right to confer PhD degree.
Second cycle studies and long cycle studies (Master) finish with the dyplom ukończenia studio wyższych (the university higher education diploma). Students are awarded the title of magister, magister sztuki, magister inżynier, magister inżynier architekt, magister inżynier architect krajobrazu, magister inżynier pożarnictwa or lekarz, lekarz dentysta, lekarz weterynarii, magister pielęgniarstwa, magister położnictwa, magister farmacji depending on the field of study they followed. Master degree holders can apply to do a doctorate (the third cycle studies).
Special needs
Special education is an integral part of the Polish education system. This is reflected in the legislation, which is common to both mainstream and special education.
Most children with special educational needs are taught in separate schools or special classes in mainstream schools (1.69 % of all pupils in compulsory education). Integration is subject to the favourable recommendation given by the competent authority and/or the parents.
Teachers must have a higher education qualification. The type of training required depends on the stage of education.