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Iceland

5,641 bytes added, 13:38, 23 October 2013
added authors
''by [[James Kay]] and [[Paul Bacsich]]''
 
== Overview ==
''For a general description of education in {{PAGENAME}} see [[Education:{{PAGENAME}}]].''
 
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[https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Iceland:Overview Eurypedia] overviews the sector as follows:
 
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The Icelandic Parliament is legally and politically responsible for the school system. The Parliament determines the basic objectives and administrative framework of the educational system. All education comes under the jurisdiction of the '''Ministry of Education, Science and Culture'''. The municipalities are responsible for the operation of pre-primary and compulsory schools but ''higher education institutions and upper secondary schools are run by the state or private parties''.
 
'''Pre-primary and compulsory schools''' enjoy a high level of autonomy but goals and learning outcomes are defined at central level by laws and in National Curriculum Guides. The pre-primary school is the first level of the school system for children below compulsory school age. Education is compulsory for all children from the age of six to sixteen. Individual who has completed compulsory education, equivalent basic education or has reached the age of sixteen is entitled to enrol in upper secondary education until the age of eighteen. The great majority of young people continue with full-time education after finishing compulsory education.
 
'''Higher education institutions''' in Iceland are seven, four are operated by the state ''and three by private parties with state support''.
 
'''Adult education''' is provided by public authorities, private institutions, companies and organisations. Adult education and training is offered by institutions at the upper secondary and higher education levels, including lifelong learning centres.
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=== e-learning ===
=== Quality procedures ===
 
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==== Universities ====
 
[https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Iceland:Quality_Assurance_in_Higher_Education Eurypedia] overviews the quality assurance situation in HE as follows:
 
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The '''Ministry of Education, Science and Culture''' is responsible for regular external evaluation of higher education. The system is both supervisory and enhancement-oriented. Under the '''Higher Education Institutions Act''', all higher education institutions that wish to operate in Iceland must undergo an accreditation on basis of fields of studies in accordance with the Frascati manual of the OECD.
 
The objectives of quality control of teaching and research in higher education institutions are:
* to ensure that the requirements for accreditation of higher education institutions are met;
* to ensure that the qualification framework for higher education and degrees is fulfilled;
* to improve the quality of teaching and research in an efficient way;
* to encourage increased responsibility of higher education institutions for their own activities
* to ensure competitiveness of higher education institutions at international level.
 
The supervisory part of the quality assurance system consists of systematic external reviews according to a three-year plan, set by the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture. The Ministry determines the time for conducting an external evaluation of teaching and research and sets the agenda for such evaluation for three years. In addition, the Ministry may decide to conduct a special evaluation of a higher education institution or its specific units, at the minister’s discretion.
 
External evaluation can involve a higher education institution or individual fields of study or science, faculties, study programmes or other specified elements of a higher education institutions operation. It can also involve several institutions simultaneously. An external evaluation must be carried out in consultation with the respective higher education institution, which is required to provide assistance and all information required for the evaluation. Evaluation reports, produced on the basis of the Higher Education Institutions Act, are to be published, together with a statement regarding how the respective university intends to react to the evaluation results.
 
The Minister of Education, Science and Culture can delegate the administration of an external evaluation of teaching and research to a committee, an institution, a company or other relevant agent, national or international. Implementation of an external evaluation shall be assigned to an independent agent. The evaluation process shall ''involve both domestic and foreign experts'', as well as a student representative.
 
According to the Higher Education Act, all higher education institutions are obligated to carry out ''internal quality assurance''.
 
The Quality Board has published "The Quality Enhancement Framework" to support institutions in the continuing enhancement of the learning experience of all students whom they serve. The ultimate targets of the framework is to enhance the learning experience of students and safeguard the standards of their degrees. It integrates internal and external processes into a single comprehensive model.
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Note that the Office of Evaluation and Analysis of the Icelandic Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is an Associate of ENQA.
 
Since the date of compilation of the Eurypedia page, it seems that there will be a new Quality Council of Ireland. A presentation to the University of Iceland observes that:
 
* There will be a Quality Board with an eminent non-Iceland quality expert as Chair
* Under this there will be a Quality Council with the seven rectors as members and some other nominees including two student representatives
 
Further details are at http://www.unak.is/static/files/Role_of_the_Quality_Council-MKM.pdf
== Internet in {{PAGENAME}} ==