Nova Scotia (Latin: Nova Scotia; English: New Scotland; French: Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is a Canadian province located on the southeastern coast of Canada.
It has a population of just under 1 million and its capital is Halifax, which is the major economic centre of the region.
Nova Scotia is the most populous province in Atlantic Canada. It is the second-smallest province in Canada with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi).
Its population of 940,397 as of 2009 makes it the fourth-least-populous province of the country, though second-most-densely populated.
Nova Scotia's economy is traditionally largely resource-based, but has diversified since the middle of the 20th century. Industries such as fishing, mining, forestry and agriculture remain very important and have been joined by tourism, technology, film, music and finance.
The Minister of Education is responsible for the administration and delivery of education, as defined by the Education Act and other acts relating to colleges, universities and private schools. The powers of the Minister and the Department of Education are defined by the Ministerial regulations and constrained by the Governor-In-Council regulations.
Nova Scotia has more than 450 public schools for children. The public system offers primary to Grade 12. There are also some private schools in the province.
Public education is administered by seven regional school boards, responsible primarily for English instruction and French immersion, and also province-wide by the Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial, which administer French instruction to students for whom the primary language is French.
The Nova Scotia Community College system has 13 campuses around the province. The community college, with its focus on training and education, was established in 1988 by amalgamating the province's former vocational schools.
The province has 11 universities, including:
- Dalhousie University
- University of King's College
- Saint Mary's University (Halifax)
- Mount Saint Vincent University, NSCAD University
- Acadia University
- Université Sainte-Anne
- Saint Francis Xavier University
- Nova Scotia Agricultural College
- Cape Breton University
- Atlantic School of Theology.
There are also more than 90 registered private commercial colleges in Nova Scotia.