New Brunswick

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New Brunswick (French: Nouveau-Brunswick) is one of the three Maritime provinces of Canada.

It has a population of around 750,000 and the provincial capital is Fredericton.

Statistics Canada estimates the provincial population in 2009 to be 750,457; a majority are English-speaking, but there is also a large Francophone minority (33%), chiefly of Acadian origin. It is the only constitutionally bilingual province (English and French) in the federation.

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Public education in the province is administered by the Department of Education, a department of the Government of New Brunswick.


New Brunswick has a comprehensive parallel system of Anglophone and Francophone public schools providing education to both the primary and secondary levels. There are also several secular and religious private schools in the province.


The New Brunswick Community College system has campuses in all regions of the province. This comprehensive trade school system offers roughly parallel programs in both official languages at either Francophone or Anglophone campuses. Each campus, however, tends to have areas of concentration to allow for specialisation.

There are also a number of private colleges for specialised training in the province, such as the Moncton Flight College, one of the top pilot-training academies in Canada.


There are four publicly funded secular universities and four private degree-granting institutions with religious affiliation in the province.

The two comprehensive provincial universities are the University of New Brunswick and Université de Moncton. These institutions have extensive postgraduate programs and Schools of Law.

Medical education programs are currently in development at both the Universite de Moncton and at UNBSJ in Saint John.

Mount Allison University in Sackville, currently ranks as the best liberal arts university in Canada and has produced 48 Rhodes Scholars—more than any other liberal arts university in the British Commonwealth and also more than any other university in North America.

Publicly funded provincial comprehensive universities

  • University of New Brunswick (Fredericton and Saint John), Anglophone
  • Université de Moncton (Moncton, Shippagan, and Edmundston), Francophone

Publicly funded undergraduate liberal arts universities

  • St. Thomas University (Fredericton), Anglophone
  • Mount Allison University (Sackville), Anglophone

Private Christian undergraduate liberal arts university

  • Crandall University (Moncton), Anglophone

Private degree granting religious training institutions

  • St. Stephen's University (St. Stephen), Anglophone
  • Bethany Bible College (Sussex), Anglophone
  • New Brunswick Bible Institute (Hartland), Anglophone

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