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by Paul Bacsich for Re.ViCa. Updated by Gabriela Job Di Laccio (Sero consultant) for VISCED

For entities in Mozambique see Category:Mozambique

Partners situated in Mozambique

No partners are situated in Mozambique.

Mozambique in a nutshell

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, is a country in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal in 1505. By 1510, the Portuguese had control of all of the former Arab sultanates on the east African coast. From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts became regular ports of call on the new route to the east.

Its capital is Maputo and in 2007 21,397,000 people lived in an area of 801,590 km² which gives a density of 25/km².

It is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries and the Commonwealth of Nations. Mozambique (Moçambique) was named after Muça Alebique, a sultan.

Mozambique is an LEDC (less economically developed country).

Source: Wikipedia's page on Mozambique

Mozambique education policy

Source: Higher Education Project for Mozambique

Schools in Mozambique

Under Portuguese rule, educational opportunities for poor Mozambicans were limited; Most of the Bantu population was illiterate, and many could not speak Portuguese. In fact, most of today's political leaders were educated in missionary schools. After independence, the government placed a high priority on expanding education, which reduced the illiteracy rate to about two-thirds as primary school enrolment increased. Unfortunately in recent years, school construction and teacher training enrolments have not kept up with population increases. With post-war enrolments reaching all-time highs, the quality of education has suffered. All Mozambicans are required by law to attend school through the primary level. After grade 7, students must take standardised national exams to enter secondary school, which runs from 8th to 10th grade.

A lot of children in Mozambique don't go to primary school because they have to work for their families' subsistence farms for a living.

Secondary school students study Portuguese, mathematics, biology, chemistry, physics, history, geography, physical education, technical drawing, and English (which all schoolchildren begin in grade 6).

Another round of national exams after grade 10 allows passage into pre-university school (grades 11 and 12), in which students have the opportunity to study all of the former subjects (minus physical education) plus philosophy and French.

Sources: Wikipedia’s page on Mozambique’s education

Higher education

Space in Mozambican universities is extremely limited; thus most students who complete pre-university school do not immediately proceed onto university studies. Many go to work as teachers or are unemployed.

There are also institutes specialising in agricultural, technical, or pedagogical studies which students may attend after grade 10 in lieu of a pre-university school, which give more vocational training.

Since the independence from Portugal in 1975, a number of Mozambican students have been admitted every year at Portuguese high schools, polytechnic institutes and universities, through bilateral agreements between the Portuguese Government and the Mozambican Government.

Mozambique’s Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology with full text documents such as the "Strategic Plan Of Higher Education (2000-2010)".

Mozambique Higher Education Profile, by the Boston College Center for International Higher Education (CIHE)

Universities in Mozambique

  1. Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
  2. Universidade Católica de Moçambique
  3. Universidade Pedagogica
  4. Universidade Jean Peaget de Mocambique
  5. Universidade Lurio
  6. Universidade Politecnica
  7. Universidade Sao Tomas
  8. Universidade Zambeze
  9. Universidade Tecnica de Mocambique
  10. Universidade Mussa Bin Bique
  11. Instituto Superior de Ciencias de Saude
  12. Instituto superior Politecnica de Manica
  13. Instituto Superior de Ciencias e Tecnologias de Mocambique
  14. Instituto Superior de Transportes e Comunicacoes
  15. Escola Superior de Economia e Gestao

Polytechnics in Mozambique

  1. Instituto Superior Politécnico e Universitário

Source: Wikipedia’s page on Mozambican Colleges and Universities

Education reform

Related document: Higher Education Reform Implementation Programme (HERIP) – Mozambique

Administration and finance

Quality assurance

Information society

“There is a ‘silent revolution’ in Mozambican higher education. A sense of this silent revolution is captured by a variety of studies reporting on the ‘changing landscape’ of Mozambican higher education in the last two decades (Mário, Fry & Chilundo, 2003; Brito, 2003; Beverwijk, 2005). At independence, Mozambique had one higher education institution, the Estudos Gerais e Universitários de Moçambique (EGUM), which translates into English as General and University Studies of Mozambique. Today, there are more than 26 governmental and non-governmental higher education institutions countrywide (Langa, 2006). To put it differently, from one tertiary education institution in 1962 to 26 in 2006, Mozambique has witnessed rapid growth, expansion and diversification in higher education.

According to the Task Force on Higher Education and Society (TFHE), the differentiation of higher education institutions is not a new phenomenon, as different types of colleges and universities have existed for centuries. What is new, however, is the strength of the forces driving differentiation, the pace at which it is occurring and the variety of institutions being created (TFHE, 2000).

New information and communication technologies (ICTs) in higher education appear to be one of the driving factors of the differentiation. The application of technologies, particularly in information and communications, has taken different forms and is transforming higher education servicedelivery, teaching and learning in Mozambique.

Methodologically, this chapter is based on desk research information and covers a variety of sources browsed from the Internet. The main sources, therefore, are studies, reports, government policy documents and web sites on higher education ICTs and e-learning in Mozambique.”

Source: Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA) - Educational Technology Initiative: report on Mozambique (PDF - 18 pages)

Towards the information society

Information society strategy

ICT in education initiatives

  • CEND (Centro de Ensino à Distância) is a department of the Eduardo Mondlane University (EMU) located in Mozambique. The University provides higher education, research and extension courses. To ensure the attainment of goals, it is organized into units including Colleges, Schools and Centers, which are distinguished from each other by the activities developed by them. Among various units, is the Center for Distance Learning (CEND), a body created in 2002 to promote and coordinate distance education at the EMU. The distance learning program of EMU is part of the distance learning strategy advocated by the government. In partnership with CISCO the IT Centre at the University provides online vocational courses in IT; i.e: IT Essentials, CCNA Exploration and CCNA Security.
  • NEaD - Núcleo de Educação a Distância da UNESP The Distance Learning Center of the Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho is located in São Paulo, Brazil. NEAD provides a framework to support academic courses, helping to keep the quality and credibility of University. Courses are available in the form of in the form of extension courses, undergraduate or postgraduate level and are available to students from Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau and Sao Tome and Principe. UNESP website is at
  • CyaBite is a school of IT and Computer Science located in São Paulo, Brazil. Since 1988 CyaBite has been training thousands of students, initially in their units in São Paulo and more recently through distance learning. Vocational courses offered include Professional Administrative Assistant, Typing Course, Graphic Design, Web Design, Secretarial Course amongst others. CyaBite can be accessed by students in all Brazilian States, as well as students living in Portugal, Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Moçambique, Sao Tome and Principe, East Timor as well as Macau in China. CyaBite web site is at
  • Imaginologia provides on line courses with emphasis in the medical field. The website aims provide further training to the medical community of the Portuguese language (Brazil, Angola, Portugal, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe, Guinea-Bissau and East Timor. Imaginologia web site is at
  • FORMEDIA is a management development centre located in Lisbon, Portugal. FORMEDIA is specialized in management and entrepreneurship education, with onsite, online and blended learning. Established in 1988, they have regular activities in Portuguese-Speaking Countries, especially in Portugal, Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde and Mozambique. FORMEDIA website is at

Lessons learnt


  1. Mozambique’s Government (PT)
  2. Wikipedia's page on Mozambique
  3. Higher Education Project for Mozambique
  4. Wikipedia’s page on Mozambique’s education
  5. Mozambique.htm Mozambique Higher Education Profile, by the Boston College # Center for International Higher Education (CIHE)
  6. Wikipedia’s page on Mozambican Colleges and Universities
  7. Higher Education Reform Implementation Programme (HERIP) – Mozambique
  8. Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA) - Educational Technology Initiative: # report on Mozambique (PDF - 18 pages)

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