The 2010 census records a population of 4.3 million. The state capital is Frankfort, and the largest city is Louisville. Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State.
Education in Kentucky
The University of Kentucky is Kentucky's flagship university. The University of Louisville is Kentucky's urban research university
Kentucky maintains eight public four-year universities. There are two general tiers: major research institutions (the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville) and regional universities, which encompasses the remaining six institutions. The regional schools have specific target counties that many of their programs are targeted towards (such as Forestry at Eastern Kentucky University or Cave Management at Western Kentucky University), however most of their curriculum varies little from any other public university. "UK" and "U of L" have the highest academic rankings and admissions standards although the regional schools aren't without their national recognized departments - examples being Western Kentucky University's nationally ranked Journalism Department or Morehead State offering one of the nation's only Space Science degrees. "UK" is the flagship and land grant of the system and has agriculture extension services in every county. The two research schools split duties related to the medical field, "UK" handles all medical outreach programs in the eastern half of the state while "U of L" does all medical outreach in the state's western half.
The state's 16 public two-year colleges have been governed by the Kentucky Community and Technical College System since the passage of the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997, commonly referred to as House Bill 1. Prior to the passage of House Bill 1, most of these colleges were under the control of the University of Kentucky.
Berea College, located at the extreme southern edge of the Bluegrass below the Cumberland Plateau, was the first coeducational college in the South to admit both black and white students, doing so from its very establishment in 1855. This policy was successfully challenged in the United States Supreme Court in the case of Berea College v. Kentucky in 1908. This decision effectively segregated Berea until the landmark Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.
Kentucky has been the site of much educational reform over the past two decades. In 1989, the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that the state's education system was unconstitutional. The response of the General Assembly was passage of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) the following year. Years later, Kentucky has shown progress, but most agree that further reform is needed.
For more details see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Kentucky
For a list of universities and colleges in Kentucky, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_colleges_and_universities_in_Kentucky
For a list of high schools in Kentucky, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_high_schools_in_Kentucky
For a list of school districts in Kentucky, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_school_districts_in_Kentucky
Virtual schools in Kentucky
A virtual school program, Kentucky Virtual Schools (KYVS), was created in 2000, and served around 1,615 students in 2009-10. For more information, see: http://kpk12.com/states/kentucky/