|Contains||Andorra, Aland Islands, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belgium, Bulgaria, Belarus, Switzerland, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, Faroe Islands, France, Georgia, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Greenland, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Isle of Man, Iceland, Italy, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Monaco, Moldova, Montenegro, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Russia, Sweden, Slovenia, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Slovakia, San Marino, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City|
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting the Black and Aegean Seas. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Black Sea and connected waterways to the southeast. Yet the borders of Europe - a concept dating back to classical antiquity - are somewhat arbitrary, as the primarily physiographic term "continent" can incorporate cultural and political elements.
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi) or 2% of the Earth's surface and about 6.8% of its land area. Of Europe's approximately 50 countries, Russia is by far the largest by both area and population, taking up 40% of the continent (although the country has territory in both Europe and Asia), while Vatican City is the smallest. Europe is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of 739-743 million or about 11% of the world's population. The most commonly used currency is the euro. Europe, in particular Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, is the birthplace of Western culture. It played a predominant role in global affairs from the 15th century onwards, especially after the beginning of colonialism. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European nations controlled at various times the Americas, most of Africa, Oceania, and the overwhelming majority of Asia. The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain around the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural, and social change in Western Europe, and eventually the wider world. Demographic growth meant that, by 1900, Europe's share of the world's population was 25%.
Open Educational Initiatives in Europe
Total number of Open Education Initiatives in Europe on Sunday, 5 April 2020 at 15:30 = 201 , of which:
- 78 are MOOC
- 118 are OER
Initiatives per million = 0.27
For a tabulation see Open Education Initiatives in Europe
|Contains||Andorra +, Aland Islands +, Albania +, Armenia +, Austria +, Azerbaijan +, Bosnia and Herzegovina +, Belgium +, Bulgaria +, Belarus +, Switzerland +, Cyprus +, Czech Republic +, Germany +, Denmark +, Estonia +, Spain +, Finland +, Faroe Islands +, France +, Georgia +, Guernsey +, Gibraltar +, Greenland +, Greece +, Croatia +, Hungary +, Ireland +, Isle of Man +, Iceland +, Italy +, Jersey +, Liechtenstein +, Lithuania +, Luxembourg +, Latvia +, Monaco +, Moldova +, Montenegro +, Macedonia +, Malta +, Netherlands +, Norway +, Poland +, Saint Pierre and Miquelon +, Portugal +, Romania +, Serbia +, Russia +, Sweden +, Slovenia +, Svalbard and Jan Mayen +, Slovakia +, San Marino +, Turkey +, Ukraine +, United Kingdom + and Vatican City +|
|Has MOOC initiative-count||78 +|
|Has OER initiative-count||118 +|
|Has area||10,180,000 km2 +|
|Has initiative-count||201 +|
|Has initiatives-per-mill||0.27 +|
|Has population||742,452,000 +|