Dutch (Nederlands) is a West Germanic language spoken by over 22 million people as a native language, and about 5 million people as a second language.
It is closely related to other West Germanic languages (e.g., English, West Frisian and German) and somewhat more remotely to the North Germanic languages.
Dutch and Afrikaans are to a very large extent mutually intelligible, although they have separate spelling standards and dictionaries and have separate language regulators. The Dutch Language Union coordinates actions of the Dutch, Flemish and Surinamese authorities in linguistic issues, language policy, language teaching and literature.
The following are conventionally assigned to this POERUP supraregion: