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Policies Survey notes:

The Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China has a policy on OER, and China has developed several governmental OER action plans involving Chinese universities, such as the Video Open Courseware Project and the Open Digital Learning Resources for Continuing Education Project.
Several documents related to OER are available on the MoE website (

OER in China: Map

Total number of Open Education Initiatives in China on Wednesday, 20 January 2021 at 15:26 = 9 , of which:

  • 5 are MOOC
  • 4 are OER

Initiatives per million = 0.01

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(sourced from

China - in full the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó), is the largest country in East Asia.

It is a single-party socialist republic comprising:

  • 22 provinces
  • 5 autonomous regions
  • 4 municipalities,
  • 2 Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macao).

The country is vast, stretching for 5000 km across the East Asian landmass, and has a diverse landscape. In the north, near China's borders with Mongolia and Russia's Siberia, the Gobi Desert and forest steppes dominate the dry expanse while lush subtropical forests grow along its southern borders with Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar. The terrain in the west is rugged and high altitude with the Himalayas and the Tian Shan mountain ranges forming China's natural borders with India and Central Asia. In contrast, China's eastern seaboard is low-lying and has a 14,500-km long coastline bounded on the southeast by the South China Sea and on the east by the East China Sea beyond which lies Korea and Japan.

At 9.6 million sq km and with more than 1,300,000,000 people (a fifth of humanity), the People's Republic of China (PRC) is the third or fourth largest country by area and the most populous in the world. Its capital is Beijing.

China is a major power holding a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and memberships in APEC, East Asia Summit, and Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China is a nuclear state as well as having the world's largest standing army and fourth largest defense budget. It is a fast-growing economic power having the world's fourth largest GDP in nominal terms or second largest in purchasing power and consuming as much as a third of the world's steel and over a half of its concrete. China is also the world's second largest exporter and the third largest importer. Since the introduction of market-based economic reforms in 1978, the poverty rate in China has gone down from 53% to 8% in 2001. However, China is now faced with a number of other economic problems including a rapidly ageing population, a widening rural-urban income gap, and rapid environmental degradation.

Further information

For further general information see Wikipedia:China.

Education in China

For a general description of education in China see Education:China.


For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:China.

Quality procedures

Internet in China

In May 2006, Chinese Government released a comprehensive document titled “The Development Strategies for the National Information Society 2006—2020”, aimed at laying a solid foundation for an information society by 2020. The goals for informatization development within 2020 are: providing information infrastructure nationwide; strengthening capacities of independent innovation of information technology; optimizing the information industry structure; improving information security; making effective progress on building more information-oriented national economy and society; establishing the new type of industrialization model; building a perfect national policy and system for the informatization process; enhancing the capability of applying the information technology among the public. In the Strategy, nine key aspects are emphasized: promoting informatization of the national economy; popularizing e-government; establishing advanced Internet culture; pushing ahead social informatization; popularizing information infrastructure; exploiting information resources more efficiently; improving information industry competition; building national information security system; improving people's ability in using information technology and cultivating more talents in information technology. (2)

Internet in Education

Copyright law in China

Copyright law in Education

OER Initiatives in China

For a general reference on OER in China see the UNESCO report:

National OER initiatives

In China, materials from 750 courses have been made available by 222 university members of the China Open Resources for Education (CORE) consortium (2) - see

Regional OER initiatives

Institutional OER initiatives


  1. Wang, Chunyan and Zhao, Guodong (2011), Open Educational Resources in the People’s Republic of China: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects for Development - UNESCO, 2011,

2. ReVica/VISCED page for China (


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