Cameroon

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Original Re.ViCa entry by Paul Bacsich

For entities in Cameroon see Category:Cameroon

Partners situated in Cameroon

Cameroon in a nutshell

Cameroon - in full the Republic of Cameroon (French: République Camerounaise) - is a unitary republic of central and western Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south.

Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The country is called "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity. Natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. The highest point is Mount Cameroon in the southwest, and the largest cities are Douala, Yaoundé, and Garoua.

Cameroon is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team. English and French are the official languages.

In 1960, French Cameroun became independent as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons merged with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.

Compared with other African countries, Cameroon enjoys political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers.


Cameroon education policy

Most children have access to free, state-run schools or subsidised, private and religious facilities. The educational system is a mixture of British and French precedents with most instruction in English or French. Cameroon has one of the highest school attendance rates in Africa. Girls attend school less regularly than boys do because of cultural attitudes, domestic duties, early marriage and pregnancy, and sexual harassment. Although attendance rates are higher in the south, a disproportionate number of teachers are stationed there, leaving northern schools chronically understaffed.


Cameroon education system

Higher education

Universities in Cameroon

Seven state-run universities serve Cameroon's student population. More than 60,000 students were enrolled for the 1998–1999 school year. A council of deans, school directors, and representatives of state ministries governs the schools under the leadership of a vice-chancellor. State funding for universities is low, and student registrations nominally make up 25% of the higher education budget. Since 1993, with the decentralisation of university education, free tuition was replaced with registration fees of 50,000FCFA for Cameroonian nationals and 200,000FCFA for foreign nationals. Although there was initial resistance to this new format, the government has been vindicated almost two decades later, as university attendance has since more than quadruppled. Competitiveness between the various universities has been encouraged. Administratively, the University of Buea, dubbed the Anglo-Saxon university, is said to be the best organized.

Wikieducator lists the following universities - see Wikieducator:Cameroon


  1. Bamenda University of Science & Technology
  2. University of Buea
  3. University of Douala
  4. University of Dschang
  5. University of Ngaoundere
  6. University of Yaounde 1
  7. University of Yaounde 2
  8. Yaounde Catholic University
  9. The International Relations Institute of Cameroon - IRIC
  10. St. Thomas Aquinas Regional Major Seminary]]
  11. Siantou and Ndi Samba Schools of Higher Learning
  12. Highlands University (private)

Polytechnics in Cameroon

Higher education reform

The Bologna Process

Administration and finance

Quality assurance

Cameroon's HEIs in the information society

Towards the information society

Information society strategy

Virtual Campuses in HE

Interesting Virtual Campus Initiatives

University or Yaoundé I

In January 2012 the United Nations University in Bonn and the University of Yaoundé in Cameroon signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to formalise an institutional collaboration between the two universities to further enhance the e-learning activities established already in 2008. 'Source': e-learning outlook for 2012: will it be a rough ride?, Tony Bates, 25 January 2012, http://www.tonybates.ca/2012/01/25/e-learning-comes-to-a-university-in-the-cameroons/, accessed 2 February 2012.

Interesting Programmes

Re.ViCa Case-study

None.


Lessons learnt

None.


References


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