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Sudan (Arabic: السودان‎ as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎ Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān) and sometimes called North Sudan, is an Arab state in the Middle East and North Africa bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The capital is Khartoum and the population is 30,894,000.

Further information

For further general information see Wikipedia:Sudan.

Education in Sudan

For a general description of education in Sudan see Education:Sudan.


For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:Sudan.

Quality procedures

Internet in Sudan

Internet in Education

Copyright law in Sudan

Copyright law in Education

OER Initiatives in Sudan

UNESCO reports some activity in open access publishing:

SOLO - "SOLO, or the Sudan Open Learning Organization, uses open and non-formal distance learning; the only NGO working on educating Sudanese refugees to do so. ... One of their recent initiatives, Bina Algiraea, is directed at post-literacy students. Many people in Sudan who learn to read and write do not use these skills in their day to day lives and their skills decline. The Bina Algiraea program has students write about topics in their community – from proverbs to health and sanitation – and then publishes and distributes these manuals." (

TESSA ( - TESSA, working with a range of teacher education institutions, has developed "a large bank of highly structured, activity based OER study units" for use in classrooms, as a response to the challenges of teacher training. "TESSA is Africa’s largest teacher education network. Since 2005 it has focused on the creation and use of Open Educational Resources (OERs) to improve the quality of, and extend access to, school based teacher education at scale." The Open University of Sudan reported 1,935 teaching supervisors (presumably in Sudan, though whether these are affiliated with the University is unclear) were aware of TESSA. "At the Open University of Sudan a selection of TESSA OER has been compiled into a handbook to support teachers in their third cycle teaching practice in the B. Ed (distance mode for in-service teachers). Study of the handbook is compulsory and teachers are expected to integrate strategies from the handbook into their lesson plans and try them out in the classroom." (

National OER initiatives

Regional OER initiatives

Institutional OER initiatives



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