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Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland or Lýðveldið Ísland), is an island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of about 320,000 and a total area of 103,000 km². Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík. In the 20th century, Iceland's economy and welfare system developed quickly. In recent decades, Iceland has implemented free trade in the European Economic Area and diversified from fishing to new economic fields in services, finance and various industries. Today, Iceland has some of the world's highest levels of economic and civil freedoms. In 2007, Iceland was ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index. It was also the fourth most productive country per capita, and one of the most egalitarian, as rated by the Gini coefficient. Icelanders have a rich culture and heritage, such as cuisine and poetry and the medieval Icelandic Sagas are internationally renowned. Iceland is a member of the UN, NATO, EFTA, EEA and OECD. Iceland is the sole partner of the Faroe Islands signatory to the Hoyvík Agreement. Iceland has been especially badly affected by the current world financial crisis. The nation's ongoing economic crisis has caused significant unrest and made Iceland the first western country to borrow from the International Monetary Fund since 1976.

Further information

For further general information see Wikipedia:Iceland.

Education in Iceland

For a general description of education in Iceland see Education:Iceland.


For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:Iceland.

Quality procedures

Internet in Iceland

Iceland is a very technologically advanced society. By 1999, 82.3% of Icelanders had access to a computer. Iceland also had 1,007 mobile phone subscriptions per 1,000 people in 2006, the 16th highest in the world. (1)

Internet in Education

Copyright law in Iceland

Copyright law in Education

OER Initiatives in Iceland

In their response to the OECD questionnaire, Iceland stated that it is not possible for their ministry of education to be active in the OER movement because it does not comply with current Icelandic law. However, Iceland plans to develop a dedicated governmental action plan regarding OER. In November 2011, Iceland’s Ministry of Education hosted a conference on OER to introduce the ideology of the OER movement. Iceland has announced that the reason they will become active in the OER movement in the near future is to encourage professional knowledge exchange within the teachers’ community. (2)

National OER initiatives

In Iceland, learning materials (books, online materials, video, CDs) for compulsory schools (ISCED 1 and 2) are produced at the National Centre for Educational Materials (NCEM), a state-run publishing house under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and Education. The activities of the NCEM are financed by annual budget allocations from the Icelandic Parliament. There are also two funds run by the Ministry of Education: a fund for educational materials from which compulsory schools can make purchases and a development fund for educational materials to which authors of materials for pre-primary schools, compulsory schools, and upper secondary schools (ISCED 1 to 3) can apply. (2)

Regional OER initiatives

Institutional OER initiatives


1. ReVica/VISCED page for Iceland (


2. Hylén, J. et al. (2012), “Open Educational Resources: Analysis of Responses to the OECD Country Questionnaire”, OECD Education Working Papers, No. 76, OECD Publishing.

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