- 1 Overview
- 2 Education in Germany
- 3 Internet in Germany
- 4 Copyright law in Germany
- 5 OER Initiatives in Germany
- 6 References
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is a country in Central Europe. The territory of Germany covers 357,021 km² and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.
With over 82,000,000 inhabitants, it comprises the largest population among the member states of the European Union and is home to the third-highest number of international migrants worldwide.
The capital of Germany is Berlin.
Germany (Deutschland) is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen states, known in German as Länder (singular Land). Since Land is the literal German word for "country", the term Bundesländer (federal states; singular Bundesland) is commonly used colloquially, as it is more specific, though technically incorrect within the corpus of German law. The peoples of the states are the nation of Germany. The governments of the states are part of the authority of Germany.
The states have many devolved powers including nearly full control of the education system including universities. Different states differ considerably as to how they exercise this control.
Under the Basic Law (Grundgesetz) the exercise of governmental powers and the fulfilment of governmental responsibility is incumbent upon the individual Länder as far as the Basic Law does not provide for or allow for any other arrangement. The Basic Law contains a few fundamental provisions on questions of education, culture and science: thus for example it guarantees the freedom of art and scholarship, research and teaching, the freedom of faith and creed, free choice of profession and of the place of training, equality before the law and the rights of parents. The entire school system is under the supervision of the state.
Unless the Basic Law awards legislative powers to the Federation, the Länder have the right to legislate. Within the education system, this applies to the school sector, the higher education sector, adult education and continuing education. Administration of the education system in these areas is almost exclusively a matter for the Länder.
For further general information see Wikipedia:Germany.
States of Germany
The 16 Länder are called in English (and German if different):
- Bavaria (Bayern)
- Berlin - city-state
- Bremen - city-state
- Hamburg - city-state
- Hesse (Hessen)
- Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)
- North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
- Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)
- Saarland (French: Sarre)
- Saxony (Sachsen)
- Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt)
- Thuringia (Thüringen)
Those states in bold have at least 5 million people (and of these, four have 10-20 million) - in other words, they are larger than many European countries.
Education in Germany
For a general description of education in Germany see Education:Germany.
For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:Germany.
Internet in Germany
The ICT strategy, Digital Germany 2015, sets out the priorities, tasks and projects for the period up to 2015. Amongst its aims are: the expansion of digital infrastructure and networks to meet future challenges; the safeguarding and protection of the personal rights of users in the future Internet and in the use of new media; and the strengthening of basic, further and continuing education and training and competencies in handling new media. (1)
Internet in Education
In 1996, The Federal Ministry Education and Research (in cooperation with Deutsche Telekom) created the Schulen ans Netz association with the first mission of connecting all German schools to the Internet by the end of 2001. After that, Schulen ans Netz was step by step transformed into a competence centre covering all aspects of the use of new media in schools. The scope of Schulen ans Netz is nationwide and the focus of the work lays in identifying and disseminating Good Practice. The main emphasis is to offer concrete online tools, content and support for teachers, school leaders, school authorities and parents. These services shall simplify teaching and learning with ICT in daily school life. (1)
Copyright law in Germany
Copyright law in Education
OER Initiatives in Germany
National OER initiatives
Regional OER initiatives
Institutional OER initiatives
1. ReVica/VISCED page for Germany (http://virtualcampuses.eu/index.php/Germany)