China

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Policies Survey notes:

The Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China has a policy on OER, and China has developed several governmental OER action plans involving Chinese universities, such as the Video Open Courseware Project and the Open Digital Learning Resources for Continuing Education Project.

Overview

(sourced from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Republic_of_China)

China - in full the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó), is the largest country in East Asia.

It is a single-party socialist republic comprising:

  • 22 provinces
  • 5 autonomous regions
  • 4 municipalities,
  • 2 Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macao).

The country is vast, stretching for 5000 km across the East Asian landmass, and has a diverse landscape. In the north, near China's borders with Mongolia and Russia's Siberia, the Gobi Desert and forest steppes dominate the dry expanse while lush subtropical forests grow along its southern borders with Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar. The terrain in the west is rugged and high altitude with the Himalayas and the Tian Shan mountain ranges forming China's natural borders with India and Central Asia. In contrast, China's eastern seaboard is low-lying and has a 14,500-km long coastline bounded on the southeast by the South China Sea and on the east by the East China Sea beyond which lies Korea and Japan.

At 9.6 million sq km and with more than 1,300,000,000 people (a fifth of humanity), the People's Republic of China (PRC) is the third or fourth largest country by area and the most populous in the world. Its capital is Beijing.

China is a major power holding a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and memberships in APEC, East Asia Summit, and Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China is a nuclear state as well as having the world's largest standing army and fourth largest defense budget. It is a fast-growing economic power having the world's fourth largest GDP in nominal terms or second largest in purchasing power and consuming as much as a third of the world's steel and over a half of its concrete. China is also the world's second largest exporter and the third largest importer. Since the introduction of market-based economic reforms in 1978, the poverty rate in China has gone down from 53% to 8% in 2001. However, China is now faced with a number of other economic problems including a rapidly ageing population, a widening rural-urban income gap, and rapid environmental degradation.


Further information

For further general information see Wikipedia:China.

Education in China

For a general description of education in China see Education:China.


e-learning

For a description more focussed to e-learning see E-learning:China.


Quality procedures

Internet in China

Internet in Education

Copyright law in China

Copyright law in Education

OER Initiatives in China

For a general reference on OER in China see the UNESCO report:


National OER initiatives

Regional OER initiatives

Institutional OER initiatives

References

  1. Wang, Chunyan and Zhao, Guodong (2011), Open Educational Resources in the People’s Republic of China: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects for Development - UNESCO, 2011, http://iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/en/files/3214700.pdf

Reports


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